Welcome: WFP Food Security Atlas for Afghanistan
“Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life."
World Food Summit Plan of Action (Rome Italy 13 November 1996)
Faizabad, Hirat and Jalalabad
WFP Presence since 1963
WFP beneficiaries: 5.3 million; Emergency Relief: 1.3 million; Food for Education/Food for Training: 2.4 million; Food for Assets: 0.8 million; Assistance to TB: 0.2 million. Total beneficiaries relief: 1.8 million; Total beneficiaries recovery: 3.4 million
FACTS AND FIGURES
Population: 27,5 million(CSO projection in 2013(1392))
Estimated rural population: 19.7 million.
Urban Population: 6.3 million
Kuchi Population: 1.5 million
Children Under 5 – 21%
Per Capita GDP (PPP$): 380
Adult Literacy: Men – 50%; Women – 18%
Primary school enrollment: 61%; Boys – 54%, Girls – 46%
Drop out rate for girls after 5th grade: 35%.
Secondary school enrollment: 21%; Boys 88%, Girls 12%Food insecure population: 31%; Borderline population: 23%;
Rural poor insecure: 77%; Urban food insecure:23%
Fertility rate: 7.1
Maternal mortality: 1,800 per 100,000 live births.
Infant mortality: 165 per 1,000 live births
Under five mortality: 257 per 1,000 live births
Population Undernourished – 20%
Children under 5 suffering from: Underweight – 33%; Stunting – 59%
Anemic pre-school children: 38%
Children 6-59 months age with iron deficiency: over 70%.TB prevalence: 231 per 100,000.
After more than two decades of conflict, the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan faces political, security and socioeconomic challenges (building institutions, managing security, sustaining growth, strengthening capacity and reducing poverty). Despite progress, it still remains one of the poorest countries in the world. Widespread insecurity, due to insurgency and military operations as well as poppy production, is undermining the reconstruction and development efforts of the Government as well as the international community.
Three decades of political instability and conflict have severely affected the socio-economic situation, restricting the capacity to consolidate peace and sustainable development. Although some progress has been made on the political and socio-economic fronts since 2002, basic services such as education and health care are limited, especially in remote areas. Geographical and gender disparities continue to be major obstacles to improving access to basic services. Progress in all sectors is further hampered by the lack of qualified personnel resulting from a “brain drain” and the disruption of education by 30 years of war.
Recent intensification of conflict has resulted in greater numbers of displaced people. There are currently 230,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) in urban and rural areas, of whom 150,000 will require food assistance. There are 2.1 million Afghan refugees in Pakistan and 915,000 in Iran. Given the highly volatile situation, no significant repatriation to Afghanistan is expected in the next three years.
In 2009, WFP aims to support over 8 million people in Afghanistan, primarily in remote and food-insecure rural areas. Targets are chronically poor families, especially those who continue to be affected by the high food prices and drought of 2008, victims of natural disasters, internally displaced people, returning refugees and Afghan deportees, tuberculosis patients, schoolchildren, teachers and illiterate people, with a particular emphasis on vulnerable women and girls.
Post-conflict relief, rehabilitation and development in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Emergency food assistance
WFP provides emergency food assistance in extreme life-saving situations to victims of localised natural disasters, drought-affected people, internally displaced people, etc.
Urban social safety net
Like the emergency food assistance, urban social safety net intervention is to ensure adequate household food consumption for extremely vulnerable households and to prevent them from engaging in negative coping strategies.
Mother-and-child health and nutrition
The special nutritional needs of malnourished children under the age of five and pregnant and lactating women are addressed under targeted supplementary feeding, complemented by partner's interventions through therapeutic feeding and growth monitoring based in health care centres.
Food for assets
Food for assets is used disaster-prone areas to reduce the hazard risk and mitigate the impact of disasters. Food insecure IDPs and returnees are also assisted when assistance beyond initial emergency period is required. Tackling environmental degradation will be a focus of WFP resilience-building efforts (e.g. land stabilization and micro-catchments in up-stream communities, terracing, multy-storey agro-forestry systems, drainage and productive gully development).
Food for education and food for training
Food for education and food for training is to support regular school attendance -specially among girls- through on-site school feeding and take-home rations incentive for girls. Literacy, numeracy and vocational skills among Illiterate adults (mostly women) are also supported. There is also a component to improve teachers skills (specially female teachers)
Assistance to TB patients and Flour Fortification
WFP provides food for people undergoing directly observed treatment with short-course chemotherapy (DOTS) during the eight-month treatment. This is done in partnership with the Ministry of Public Health and WHO.
Strategic grain reserve and community storage facilities
Technical and financial support is undergoing to support the Government to establish a strategic grain reserve complemented with community-level storage facilities to mitigate adverse effects of grain market fluctuations in times or surplus or shortfall. WFP supports the construction or rehabilitation of silos and regional warehouses and train government staff in quality control of food, procurement, logistics, storage and handling. The facilities will allow a good response on disaster mitigation. The facilities will further benefit people participating in the Purchase for Progress (P4P) initiative.
Purchase for Progress (P4P)
A pilot P4P programme aims to work with farmers' organizations to integrate smallholder and low-income farmers into the market through the purchasing of their produce at remunerative prices but in line with international trends and prices for the use in PRRO 200063. WFP also facilitates the establishment of private sector processing plants that will use local produce for the production of fortified biscuits and blended food. Depending on food production, WFP aims to purchase 92,000 mt of locally-produced wheat in 2010-2012.
WFP continues to advocate for national fortification of wheat flour, and will further enhance the capacity of private millers to fortify flour for commercial purposes by providing them with micro-feeders and training. For selected activities, WFP will also use fortified flour from mills supported by WFP.
Support for the establishment of a vulnerability and surveillance system and market analysis.
In cooperation with food security stakeholders, WFP will integrate with existing and new sub-systems to provide timely information to improve support for decision-making. Cross-border monitoring is one of the areas to be strengthened.